Since 2009 the island of Martha’s Vineyard has had significant reports of Black Oak (Quercus velutina) being attacked by large populations of a Cynipid Wasp, (Bassettia ceropteroides), family Cynipidae. The intensity of these outbreaks has caused widespread mortality to black oaks with a particular pattern of attacking stressed trees, predominately mature trees that have suffered or had become predisposed by previous abiotic (environmental) or biotic (example – caterpillar defoliation) in previous seasons. Possible environmental factors include drought stress, storm damage (salt spray) and prior insect defoliation (fall canker work, spring canker worm, and winter moth.)
Wasps Infesting, Imperiling Area’s Black Oaks Globe Article From Boston Globe, November 18, 2013
Crypt Gall Wasp article from Tree Care Industry, March 2013
Read more from the Cape Cod Times
The Cape Cod Cooperative Extension has published a very informative info sheet on the Cynipid Gall Wasp problem.
The wasp attacks the outer crown of black oaks indicating a preference for the soft new tissue of the previous seasons growth. Repeated attacks eventually result in tree mortality.
PICTURES OF BLACK OAKS OF CHAPPAQUIDICK